Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)

Canada Goose is the largest goose seen in Quebec. It spends the warm season in the Montreal area, and breeds along the rivers and lake shores. Quite territorial and defensive during breeding season, the geese join themselves in large flocks for migration in autumn.

How to Identify

Clearly distinguishable from other geese species with its brown body, black neck and head with white cheeks. The only similar species is the Brant, which is smaller and doesn't have the white cheeks but a white ring around the neck.

Where and When to Spot

In Montreal area from spring to autumn. Canada geese arrive as soon as the lakes and river shores are not frozen anymore. They group up in large flocks during autumn before migrating South late October, early November.


Common Names

Canada Goose

Kanadagans (de)
Barnacla canadiense (es)
Bernache du Canada (fr)


Branta canadensis

Similar Species

  • Brant - Branta bernicla