Fauna Flora Photography

White-tailed Deer Odocoileus virginianus

The White-tailed Deer is the most widely distributed deer in the Americas, and is also the only deer commonly found on Montreal Island and the surrounding areas. They can easily move between locations on different sides of the river surrounding Montreal Island, although I have never observed them swimming.


Weight54-136kg ♂, 41-90kg ♀

Common Names

EnglishWhite-tailed Deer
SpanishVenado de cola blanca


SpeciesOdocoileus virginianus

How to Identify

If you spot a deer on Montreal Island it is most probably a white-tailed deer. Characteristic is their white tail displayed when running away.

White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) - Parc Nature Pointe aux Prairies - 2023-03-11
White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) - Parc Nature Pointe aux Prairies - 2017-12-24
White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) - Parc Nature Pointe aux Prairies - 2017-05-13
White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) - Parc Île Bizard - 2014-09-07
White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) - Parc Michel-Chartrand - 2014-08-24
White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) - Parc Michel-Chartrand - 2014-08-24
White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) - Parc Îles-de-Boucherville - 2014-07-12

Photography Tips

Most of our photographs of White-tailed deer have been captured in Parc Nature Pointe aux Prairie, which we highly recommend visiting during the winter months. The deer in this park have become accustomed to being fed by visitors, resulting in them losing their shyness and allowing wildlife enthusiasts to capture close-up shots, even with a mobile phone. Another excellent location for observing these deer is Michel-Chartrand Park in Longueuil. During the winter, their fur becomes fluffy and beautiful, making the cold season our favorite time of year to capture stunning photos and videos of this magnificent species.

Despite the White-tailed deer losing their shyness, it is crucial to exercise caution and avoid getting too close. Prioritizing both your safety and the well-being of the animals is essential. There have been reports of White-tailed deer being infected with COVID-19, and it's important to remember that wildlife can also carry other infectious diseases. It is advisable to maintain a safe distance and never feed wildlife.

Furthermore, feeding wildlife disrupts their natural behavior and can diminish their ability to survive in hazardous conditions. When wildlife becomes dependent on human-provided food, they may lose their instinctual skills for finding natural food sources, which can be detrimental to their long-term survival. It is essential to allow wildlife to rely on their natural instincts and forage for food in their natural habitat. By refraining from feeding wildlife, we help ensure their resilience and ability to thrive in their environment.

Where and When to Spot

Although common, I saw white-tailed deer only in the remote parks such as Park Pointe-aux-trembles, Ile Bizard and surprisingly in Park Michel Chartrand which is completely surrounded by the city Longueuil. This deer is around all year long. Strangely, I never saw a male White-tailed deer.

Parc Michel-Chartrand x - - x
Parc Nature Pointe aux Prairies x - - x
Parc de la Frayère x - - -

Where and when a species has been observed, identified, and recorded.


Last updated on 2024-03-14. Written and regularly updated by Karl-Heinz Müller, Dipl. Natw. ETH, Biology. With 10 years of experience in wildlife photography, Karl-Heinz shares first-hand, on-site collected observations, photos and videos from his frequent visits to parks in the Montreal area.